SMS:FESWMS Model Control Dialog

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The FESWMS Model Control dialog is used to set general simulation options. This document highlights the more commonly used options. Refer to the FESWMS manual[1] for a more detailed description of how these parameters affect the model results.

General Tab

FESWMS Model Control dialog showing the General tab

The controls in the General tab include model description, FESWMS version, run controls, input options, and output options.

  • Network stamp and BC descriptor
These are comments that are added at the top of the FESWMS input files. The network file (*.net) includes only the network stamp but the bc file includes both the network stamp and the bc descriptor.
  • Slip conditions
This controls how boundaries are handled by FESWMS. Slip boundaries allows water to move freely along the boundary. No slip fixes the velocity at fixed boundaries to 0.0. Semi-slip allows water to move along boundaries but reduces the velocities.
  • Run Type
A simulation can compute hydrodynamics, sediment, or both hydrodynamics and sediment (semi-coupled). It is not recommended to use the sediment only option. Use the semi-coupled option instead.
  • Solution Type
This controls whether the simulation will be treated as steady state or dynamic (time dependent). A steady state run requires boundary conditions that do not change and computes a solution that does not change through time.
  • Input Options
This controls the files that will be used in FESWMS.
An INI (initial conditions) file is used to provide an initial solution for FESWMS. The initial conditions file format is identical to the FESWMS solution file format and a FESWMS solution may be used for an initial conditions file. Initial conditions files can also be created from inside of SMS. INI files are used as hot starts in the spin down process.
  • Output Options
The scalar dataset file and vector dataset files are additional output files written in the EMRL dataset format. Regardless of whether this file is used or not, the datasets water surface elevation, depth, and velocities are written to the *.flo solution file. The dataset files will have the same base name as the other project files and have the extensions *.scl (scalar) and *.vec (vector). The data written to the dataset file can be specified by clicking on the options button. Available scalar datasets include: Depth-averaged velocity magnitude, Unit flow rate magnitude, Froude number, Mechanical energy head elevation, Bed shear stress magnitude, Vorticity magnitude, Wind Speed, Depth of general scour, Scoured bed elevation, Sediment concentration, Sediment volumetric transport rate, Sediment volumetric transport capacity, and Sediment transport rate deficit. Available vector datasets include: Depth-averaged flow velocities, Unit flow rate, Bed shear stress, Tropical cyclone wind velocities, Sediment volumetric transport rates, and Sediment volumetric transport capacities.

Timing Tab

FESWMS Model Control dialog showing the Timing tab
  • Relaxation factor
Affects how fast and reliable FESWMS will find a solution. Reducing this value may help FESWMS achieve a solution but may increase runtime.
  • Iterations
This is the maximum number of iterations to perform. There will be fewer iterations if the model reaches the convergence parameters before reaching this number of iterations (see parameters tab for convergence parameters).
  • Starting time
The time to start a dynamic simulation in hours.
  • Run time
The length of the simulation in hours.
  • Time step size
The length of time for each time step in hours. FESWMS is an implicit model so the time step size is not dependent upon the courant number.

Parameters Tab

FESWMS Model Control dialog showing the Parameters tab
  • General Parameters
    • Water surface elevation
      This is the initial water surface elevation for a cold start simulation. This number should always be larger than the elevation of the highest node in the mesh.
    • Unit flow convergence
      The maximum change of unit flow between iterations that will be considered a acceptable for a converged solution.
    • Water depth convergence
      The maximum change of water depth between iterations that will be considered acceptable for a converged solution.
    • Storativity depth
      Storativity allows an element to remain active as long as the water surface elevation is above the highest node value minus the storativity depth. Specifying a non-zero storativity value generally increases the stability of the model.
    • Element wetting/drying
      Unless this is checked, FESWMS will not allow elements to wet and dry during a simulation.
    • Depth tolerance for drying
      Indicates the required depth to re-wet a dry node. If this value is zero, any depth above the node will re-wet a dry element. Using a value greater than zero helps prevent wet/dry excessive wet/dry oscillations that can lead to instabilities.
  • Reference Point Location
    • Latitude
    • Longitude
    • Angle
    • X-Coordinate
    • Y-Coordinate
  • Default Weir Paremeters
    • Default tailwater
    • Default minimum head
  • Default Culvert Parameters
    • Tailwater elevation
    • Minimum head difference
  • Default Channel Link Parameters
    • Tailwater elevation
    • Minimum head difference
  • Default Gate Parameters
    • Tailwater elevation
    • Minimum head difference
  • FST2DH Task
    • Check Network
    • Resequence

Print Tab

FESWMS Model Control dialog showing the Print tab

This tab controls the information that is written to the printed output file (*.prt).

  • Extras
    • Wide column format
    • ECHO to screen
    • Sound beeps after run
      • Number beeps
  • Output Print
    • ECHO input
    • Elements and nodes
    • Initial conditions
    • Element assembly sequence
    • DOF array
    • Nodal scalar data
    • Nodal vector data
    • Pier scour data
    • Clear water scour
    • Include nodal unit flow rates
  • Iteration Print Code
    • Print diagnostics every:
  • Reports
    • Weirs
    • Drop Inlets
    • Piers
    • Links
    • Culverts

Sediment Transport

This tab defines the parameters used for sediment transport including bed configuration. See FESWMS Sediment Control for more information.

Wind/Storm Conditions Tab

  • Condition
Wind conditions include none, a directional wind, or a storm (cyclone or hurricane).
  • Wind Parameters
These parameters are used to define the parameters for a directional wind (the same direction magnitude for the entire model domain).
  • Storm Parameters
These parameters are used to define a hurricane or cyclone moving across the model domain. The storm parameters such as direction and central pressure are constant throughout the simulation. The effect of a storm surge combined with the wind fields can be defined using the surge parameters toggle. See the FESWMS manual for a description of the input parameters.
  • Wave Parameters
FESWMS has the ability to consider wave induced stresses. The wave height ratio is the breaking water wave height to depth ratio. Waves will break when the significant wave height equals the water depth times this ratio.
FESWMS Model Control showing the Wind/Storm Conditions tab

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