SMS:FESWMS BC Nodestrings
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Generic 2D mesh boundary conditions are generally defined on feature arcs in the conceptual model or nodestrings on the 2D mesh. Boundary conditions constrain the water surface elevation and/or flow at the model boundary.
General Boundary Options
Constant vs. Dynamic
FESWMS boundary conditions can be constant or dynamic. If a constant boundary condition is used with a dynamic simulation the boundary condition does not change during the simulation. It is not possible to have a dynamic boundary condition with a steady state simulation.
Total Flow String
The nodestring that is the total node flow string identifies the flowrate that will be considered 100% of the flow in the FESWMS printed output file (*.prt). Only one nodestring may be the total flow nodestring and it will be the last one identified as the total flow nodestring.
Boundary Condition Types
This type of boundary constrains the flowrate and/or water surface elevation to fixed values. Both the flowrate and water surface elevation should only be specified for supercritical inflow boundary conditions.
A flow boundary condition can be a normal boundary or a weakly reflecting boundary. A weakly reflecting boundary can be used to allow tidal variation to affect the boundary. A weakly reflecting boundary simulates a fictitious river without frictional resistance upstream of the boundary.
Generally a fixed water surface elevation boundary is used for the downstream boundary condition of the model. The water surface elevation can vary from one end of the boundary to the end by using the vary along string option.
For supercritical boundaries, both the flowrate and water surface elevation is defined on the inflow boundary. Even though no data is associated with supercritical outflow boundaries, these boundaries must be identified so FESWMS will allow flow through the boundary.
This is used to provide a rating curve (water surface vs flow) relationship to compute the downstream boundary condition. FESWMS can compute the rating curve using the friction slope option. Strangely enough FESWMS requires providing flow information to use this option.
This is used to tell FESWMS that the boundary water surface elevation will be determined from the storm associated with the simulation.
SMS – Surface-water Modeling System
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