# WMS:OC Rational Initial Sub-area Time of Concentration

Orange County Rational Method
Initial Sub-area Tc dialog

The time of concentration for initial sub-areas is a critical component in performing a Orange County Rational Method analysis. The time of concentration is defined as the interval of time (minutes) required for the flow at a given point to become a maximum under a uniform rainfall intensity. Generally, the time of concentration is the interval of time from the beginning of rainfall for water from the hydraulically most remote portion of the drainage area to reach the point of concentration. For a Orange County analysis, the time of concentration is calculated using the following equation:

${\displaystyle Tc=K(L^{3}/H)^{E}}$

where:

• K – Coefficient depending on percent impervious (land use type)
• L – Length of initial sub area flow path (ft)
• H – Drop in elevation along the flow path (ft)
• E – Orange County constant = 0.20