ADCIRC Project Workflow

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This is a top level workflow. This workflow includes all of the specific workflows needed in creating an ADCIRC project. Newer and infrequent SMS users should start here.

To build an ADCIRC model in SMS, use the following steps:

1. Start a new SMS project.
1. Start SMS, or clear existing projects in SMS.
  1. If SMS is already running, select File | Delete All.
  2. A new project can also be started by using CTRL + N.
2. Set the display projection.
  1. Select the Display | Projection... command.
  2. Set the horizontal and vertical projection using the Display Projection dialog.
2. Import data.
1. Gather and open image files.

Images are imported into the GIS module in SMS.

1. Open local images.
  1. Load images from local computer files using the File | Open... command.
  2. Alternatively, drag and drop the file into the Graphics Window in SMS.
2. Import images from the web.
1. Import static images.
  1. Use the File | Import from Web command.
  2. Select a location in the Virtual Map Locator.
  3. Set a projection for the project using the Display Projections dialog.
  4. Use the Data Service Options dialog to select a web service or catalog.
    • Use the Advanced options if needing to access a unique or unavailable data source.
  5. Save the data file and import the data into SMS.
2. Import dynamic images.
  1. Use the File | Add Online Maps command.
  2. Select a location in the Virtual Map Locator.
  3. Set a projection for the project using the Display Projections dialog.
  4. Use the Data Service Options dialog to select a web service or catalog.
  5. Save the data file and import the data into SMS.
2. Gather and open geometric data files.
1. Import map data.
  1. Use the File | Open... command to import map data such as Map files, boundary ID files, or boundary XY files.
  2. Alternately, drag and drop the file into the Graphics Window in SMS.
2. Import GIS data.
  1. Use the File | Open... command to import GIS data files such as Shapefiles, MIF/MID files, Lidar files, or raster files.
  2. Alternatively, drag and drop the file into the Graphics Window in SMS.
3. Import scatter data.
  1. Use File | Open... to open files with scatter data such as scatter point files, ASCII dataset files, binary dataset files, tabular data files, or XYZ files.
  2. Alternatively, drag and drop the file into the Graphics Window in SMS.
  3. Use the File Import Wizard to specify how to import the data.
4. Import CAD data.
  1. Verify the CAD file type is readable by SMS before importing it. SMS can import DXF and DWG files.
  2. Use the File | Open... command to launch the Open dialog (or drag and drop) to import the CAD files.
The data should load in layers into the Project Explorer.
5. Review and set object projections.
  1. Right-click on an object in the Project Explorer and select the Projection command.
  2. Set the horizontal and vertical projection using the Object Projection dialog.
  3. To set a global projection, use the Horizontal Projection dialog.
3. Review and edit the elevation data.
1. Review elevation data for errors.
1. Use the Dataset Info dialog.
  1. Find the "Z", "elevation" or "depth" datasets on the geometric object (mesh, TIN, grid, raster) that is being reviewed
  2. Right-click on elevation data and select Info.
  3. Review information in the Dataset Info dialog to see that the range of values are as expected.
2. Use contour display options.
  1. Turn off Points and Triangles, then turn on Contours in the Scatter tab of the Display Options dialog.
  2. Set contour options in the Contours tab. The "Color Fill" option is recommended for this.
  3. Look for inconsistent points (points with values much higher/lower than their neighbors or regions where no data points exist).
  4. Verify that the region being modeled is covered by the elevation/depth data and there are no holes.
3. Rotate the elevation data.
  1. Use the Rotate Rotate Tool.svg tool to examine the elevation data from different angles.
2. Remove erroneous points and triangles.
After reviewing the imported data, points or triangles covering regions where there are no data points should be deleted. This could include outlier points or thin triangles.
1. Use the Scatter Options dialog.
  1. Open the Scatter Options dialog.
  2. Select or delete duplicate points.
  3. Select or delete long triangles.
  4. Select thin triangles.
  5. Use a triangulation optimization option.
2. Manually remove points.
  1. Use Select Scatter Point Select Point Tool.svg tool to select erroneous points in the scatter set.
  2. Review and edit point data in the Edit Window.
  3. Delete erroneous points.
3. Add breaklines.
  1. Select the Create Breakline SMS Create Nodestring Tool.svg tool.
  2. Click along points of a common elevation, such as at a bank toe or levee crest, to connect these points in the surface.
  3. Use the Backspace key to back up if an erroneous selection is made.
  4. Double-click or press Enter key to complete the breakline.
4. Merge elevation datasets.
  1. Select the Scatter | Merge Sets command.
  2. Use the Merge Scatter Sets dialog to select elevation data to be merged.
4. Generate a mesh.
1. Set vertex spacing on arcs to define mesh element size.
  1. Using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool, select arcs and use the Redistribute right-click command.
  2. Use the Redistribute Vertices dialog to set the vertex distribution.
2. Create polygons in the Mesh Generator coverage.
Polygons are not created automatically when arcs are enclosed. To create polygons:
  1. Use the Feature Objects | Build Polygons command.
3. Specify mesh type for each polygon (pave / patch / none).
1. Select a polygon and open the 2D Mesh Polygon Properties dialog.
  1. Use the Select Poylgon SMS Select Polygon Tool.svg tool to select a polygon.
  2. Double-click on the selected polygon or use the Feature Objects | Attributes menu command.
2. Set the Mesh Type, Bathymetry Type, and Material Type for the polygon.
  1. Mesh types include Patch, Paving, Scalar Paving Density, and Constant Paving Density.
  2. Bathymetry type describes the elevation/topography source for the mesh nodes. Bathymetry types include a constant elevation value, interpolated elevation values from a scatter set, or interpolated elevation values from an existing mesh.
  3. Material types can be assigned to a polygon using materials previously created in Materials Data dialog.
3. Preview and edit the polygon mesh.
  1. Select the Preview Mesh button.
  2. Use the preview tools to edit the mesh.
  3. Set Arc Options to adjust distribution of vertices.
  4. Use Node Options to change how arcs are treated when using a patch mesh type.
4. Generate mesh from the Mesh Generator coverage.
  1. Select the Mesh Generator coverage and use the Map → 2D Mesh right-click command.
  2. Review the mesh quality for the newly generated mesh.
5. Define boundary conditions.
1. Create an ADCIRC Boundary Conditions map coverage.
Create a new coverage with the "ADCIRC Boundary Condition" type.
1. Create new coverage from scratch.
  1. Select Map Data in the Project Explorer and use the New Coverage right-click command.
  2. Use the New Coverage dialog to create a new coverage by selecting the desired coverage type, and naming the coverage.
2. Create new coverage from an existing coverage.
  1. Use the Duplicate command on an existing coverage. This will copy any feature objects on the coverage.
  2. Use the Rename command to give the coverage a new name.
  3. Change the coverage type.
2. Create the mainland arc.
1. Import an existing mainland arc. (optional)
  1. Use the File | Open command to import a coastline file containing a coastline arc.
  2. Right-click on the coastline arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Attributes command.
  3. Define the arc as a mainland arc in the ADCIRC Linear BC dialog.
2. Create a feature arc to use as a mainland.
1. Use the Create Feature Arc SMS Create Arc Tool.svg tool to digitize the coastline.
1. Create feature arcs, nodes and vertices.
In the Map module, create feature objects in the active coverage.
  1. Use the Create Feature Arc SMS Create Arc Tool.svg tool to create arcs in the map coverage.
  2. Begin creating a new arc by clicking in the Graphics Window at either arc end. If clicking on an existing feature node, vertex or arc, the new arc will snap to that object.
  3. Double-click or press the Enter key to terminate the arc.
  4. Use the Create Feature Node Create Points Tool.svg tool to create additional nodes alone or to split arcs.
2. Modify arcs.
Feature arcs often need to be edited after initial creation.
1. Create additional vertices on arcs.
  1. Use the Create Feature Vertex SMS Create Vertex Tool.svg tool to add vertices along arcs.
2. Refine the arc shape.
  1. Use the Select Feature Vertex SMS Select Vertex Tool.svg tool and the Select Feature Node SMS Select Node Tool.svg tool to move/edit existing arcs and refine the shape by dragging the nodes/vertices.
  2. Use the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool to move entire arcs .
3. Split arcs.
An existing arc can be split by:
1. Converting a vertex to a node.
  1. Use the Select Feature Vertex SMS Select Vertex Tool.svg tool and right-click on a vertex along an arc.
  2. Select the Convert to Node command to split the arc into two arcs.
2. Add a node the arc.
  1. Use the Create Feature Node Create Points Tool.svg tool to add a node on an arc in order to split it into two arcs.
3. Add a new connecting arc.
  1. Use the Create Feature Arc SMS Create Arc Tool.svg tool to start or end a new arc on an existing arc to split the existing arc into two arcs.
4. Use the Split Arcs Tool.
  1. Right-click on an arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Split Arc(s)... command.
  2. Use the Split Arcs Tool to divide arcs.
5. Split overlapping arcs using the Clean Options dialog.
  1. Select overlapping arcs using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool.
  2. Use the Feature Objects | Clean command to bring up the Clean Options dialog.
  3. Select the Intersect selected arcs option (for selected arcs) or Intersect arcs option (for all overlapping arcs) to split the arcs.
4. Merge arcs.
Two arcs that share an end node can be merged together.
  1. Select the shared node using the Select Feature Node SMS Select Node Tool.svg tool.
  2. Right-click on the node and select the Convert to Vertex command to merge the arcs.
  3. If desired, the Select Feature Vertex SMS Select Vertex Tool.svg tool can be used to select and delete the new vertex.
5. Smooth arcs.
The variability or roughness of an arc can be reduced.
  1. Right-click on an arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Smooth Arc(s)... command.
  2. Use the Smooth Arcs Tool to reduce the variability of the arc.
6. Prune arcs.
Concave sections of the arc can be removed.
  1. Right-click on an arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Prune Arc(s)... command.
  2. Use the Prune Arcs dialog to remove concave sections.
2. Assign attributes to the mainland arc.
  1. Right-click on the coastline arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Attributes command.
  2. Define the arc as a mainland arc in the ADCIRC Linear BC dialog.
3. Define the domain.
  1. Use the Feature Objects | Define Domain command.
  2. Define the domain in the Domain Options dialog.
4. Assign ocean arc attributes.
  1. Right-click on the domain arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Attributes command.
  2. Define the arc in the ADCIRC Linear BC dialog.
5. Assign other boundary condition attributes. (optional)
1. Use the Create Feature Arc SMS Create Arc Tool.svg tool to digitize the boundary condition arc.
1. Create feature arcs, nodes and vertices.
In the Map module, create feature objects in the active coverage.
  1. Use the Create Feature Arc SMS Create Arc Tool.svg tool to create arcs in the map coverage.
  2. Begin creating a new arc by clicking in the Graphics Window at either arc end. If clicking on an existing feature node, vertex or arc, the new arc will snap to that object.
  3. Double-click or press the Enter key to terminate the arc.
  4. Use the Create Feature Node Create Points Tool.svg tool to create additional nodes alone or to split arcs.
2. Modify arcs.
Feature arcs often need to be edited after initial creation.
1. Create additional vertices on arcs.
  1. Use the Create Feature Vertex SMS Create Vertex Tool.svg tool to add vertices along arcs.
2. Refine the arc shape.
  1. Use the Select Feature Vertex SMS Select Vertex Tool.svg tool and the Select Feature Node SMS Select Node Tool.svg tool to move/edit existing arcs and refine the shape by dragging the nodes/vertices.
  2. Use the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool to move entire arcs .
3. Split arcs.
An existing arc can be split by:
1. Converting a vertex to a node.
  1. Use the Select Feature Vertex SMS Select Vertex Tool.svg tool and right-click on a vertex along an arc.
  2. Select the Convert to Node command to split the arc into two arcs.
2. Add a node the arc.
  1. Use the Create Feature Node Create Points Tool.svg tool to add a node on an arc in order to split it into two arcs.
3. Add a new connecting arc.
  1. Use the Create Feature Arc SMS Create Arc Tool.svg tool to start or end a new arc on an existing arc to split the existing arc into two arcs.
4. Use the Split Arcs Tool.
  1. Right-click on an arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Split Arc(s)... command.
  2. Use the Split Arcs Tool to divide arcs.
5. Split overlapping arcs using the Clean Options dialog.
  1. Select overlapping arcs using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool.
  2. Use the Feature Objects | Clean command to bring up the Clean Options dialog.
  3. Select the Intersect selected arcs option (for selected arcs) or Intersect arcs option (for all overlapping arcs) to split the arcs.
4. Merge arcs.
Two arcs that share an end node can be merged together.
  1. Select the shared node using the Select Feature Node SMS Select Node Tool.svg tool.
  2. Right-click on the node and select the Convert to Vertex command to merge the arcs.
  3. If desired, the Select Feature Vertex SMS Select Vertex Tool.svg tool can be used to select and delete the new vertex.
5. Smooth arcs.
The variability or roughness of an arc can be reduced.
  1. Right-click on an arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Smooth Arc(s)... command.
  2. Use the Smooth Arcs Tool to reduce the variability of the arc.
6. Prune arcs.
Concave sections of the arc can be removed.
  1. Right-click on an arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Prune Arc(s)... command.
  2. Use the Prune Arcs dialog to remove concave sections.
2. Assign attributes to the arc.
  1. Right-click on the boundary condition arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Attributes command.
  2. Define the arc with the desired boundary condition in the ADCIRC Linear BC dialog.
6. Define tidal and flow attributes.
1. Define tidal attributes.
1. Turn on tidal forcing.
  1. In the Project Explorer, right-click on the ADCIRC boundary conditions coverage and select Forcing Options.
  2. Turn on Tidal forcing in the Boundary Conditions Forcing Options dialog.
2. Define tidal constituents.
  1. Right-click in the Project Explorer and select the New Simulations | Tidal Constituents command.
  2. In the Project Explorer, right-click on the tidal constituents simulation and select Edit Constituents.
  3. Define tidal constituents in the Tidal Constituents dialog.
2. Define flow attributes.
  1. In the Project Explorer, right-click on the ADCIRC boundary conditions coverage and select Forcing Options.
  2. Turn on Flow forcing in the Boundary Conditions Forcing Options dialog.
  3. Define flow forcing parameters.
7. Create an ADCIRC simulation.
1. Create a new ADCIRC simulation.
After creating the components of a simulation, create a new ADCIRC simulation.
  1. Right-click in the Project Explorer and select the New Simulations | ADCIRC command.
2. Add ADCIRC simulation components.
To link components to the simulation, do one of the following.
  1. Right-click on the component and select the simulation name from the Apply To submenu.
  2. In the Project Explorer, click and drag items under the simulation object.
8. Define the ADCIRC model control.
  1. Use the Model Control command.
  2. Set model parameters in the ADCIRC Model Control dialog. Parameters include options for:
9. Run ADCIRC.
  1. Save the ADCIRC project.
  2. Right-click on ADCIRC simulation and select the Run ADCIRC command.
    • The ADH Model Check will run. Fix any errors that may appear.
    • When the model finishes running, click the Load button.
10. Review results.
1. Load solution files.
The solution file should load after running the model assuming the Load Solution option was checked in the model wrapper before exiting the model run. If loading the solution file separately from the model run, do the following:
  1. Open the output files generated from the model run.
2. Review results datasets and data visualization.
1. Manually review dataset solutions.
  1. In the Project Explorer, click on solution dataset created from the simulation run and view results in the Graphics Window.
  2. Click through the time steps for each dataset to see changes over time in the Graphics Window.
2. Create a film loop visualization.
  1. Select a solution dataset and use the Data | Film Loop menu command.
  2. Use the Film Loop Setup wizard to specify the animation parameters.
  3. Save and view the animation file.
3. Use an observation profile plot.
1. Create an observation coverage.
Create a new coverage with the "Observation" type.
  1. Select Map Data in the Project Explorer and use the New Coverage right-click command.
  2. Use the New Coverage dialog to create a new coverage by selecting the desired coverage type, and naming the coverage.
2. Create observation arcs in the observation coverage.
1. Create feature arcs, nodes and vertices.
In the Map module, create feature objects in the active coverage.
  1. Use the Create Feature Arc SMS Create Arc Tool.svg tool to create arcs in the map coverage.
  2. Begin creating a new arc by clicking in the Graphics Window at either arc end. If clicking on an existing feature node, vertex or arc, the new arc will snap to that object.
  3. Double-click or press the Enter key to terminate the arc.
  4. Use the Create Feature Node Create Points Tool.svg tool to create additional nodes alone or to split arcs.
2. Modify arcs.
Feature arcs often need to be edited after initial creation.
1. Create additional vertices on arcs.
  1. Use the Create Feature Vertex SMS Create Vertex Tool.svg tool to add vertices along arcs.
2. Refine the arc shape.
  1. Use the Select Feature Vertex SMS Select Vertex Tool.svg tool and the Select Feature Node SMS Select Node Tool.svg tool to move/edit existing arcs and refine the shape by dragging the nodes/vertices.
  2. Use the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool to move entire arcs .
3. Split arcs.
An existing arc can be split by:
1. Converting a vertex to a node.
  1. Use the Select Feature Vertex SMS Select Vertex Tool.svg tool and right-click on a vertex along an arc.
  2. Select the Convert to Node command to split the arc into two arcs.
2. Add a node the arc.
  1. Use the Create Feature Node Create Points Tool.svg tool to add a node on an arc in order to split it into two arcs.
3. Add a new connecting arc.
  1. Use the Create Feature Arc SMS Create Arc Tool.svg tool to start or end a new arc on an existing arc to split the existing arc into two arcs.
4. Use the Split Arcs Tool.
  1. Right-click on an arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Split Arc(s)... command.
  2. Use the Split Arcs Tool to divide arcs.
5. Split overlapping arcs using the Clean Options dialog.
  1. Select overlapping arcs using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool.
  2. Use the Feature Objects | Clean command to bring up the Clean Options dialog.
  3. Select the Intersect selected arcs option (for selected arcs) or Intersect arcs option (for all overlapping arcs) to split the arcs.
4. Merge arcs.
Two arcs that share an end node can be merged together.
  1. Select the shared node using the Select Feature Node SMS Select Node Tool.svg tool.
  2. Right-click on the node and select the Convert to Vertex command to merge the arcs.
  3. If desired, the Select Feature Vertex SMS Select Vertex Tool.svg tool can be used to select and delete the new vertex.
5. Smooth arcs.
The variability or roughness of an arc can be reduced.
  1. Right-click on an arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Smooth Arc(s)... command.
  2. Use the Smooth Arcs Tool to reduce the variability of the arc.
6. Prune arcs.
Concave sections of the arc can be removed.
  1. Right-click on an arc using the Select Feature Arc SMS Select Arc Tool.svg tool and select the Prune Arc(s)... command.
  2. Use the Prune Arcs dialog to remove concave sections.
3. Create an observation plot.
  1. Select Display | Plot Wizard to start the Plot Wizard.
  2. Select the "Observation Profile" option on the left and click Next.
  3. Select arcs, datasets, and time steps to be plotted.
  4. Review plot window.
4. Create and compare datasets.
  1. Select the Data | Dataset Toolbox menu command.
  2. In the Dataset Toolbox, compare datasets by subtracting the alternate dataset from the base dataset.
  3. New dataset can be generated in the Dataset Toolbox using the Data Calculator.